Shlomo Sand is interviewed by John Rose about his book The Invention of the Jewish People for the International Socialism Journal:
You call yourself a socialist, a Marxist?
Socialist, yes, we are living at the start of the 21st century, plunged into a huge and classic crisis of capitalism. Not only this, capitalism is very close to destroying our planet. I have, though, a problem with the description “Marxist”. I call myself a “historical materialist” and I am very clear about this in my book, The Invention of the Jewish People. But to call myself a Marxist means I believe in the power of the proletariat, that the proletariat can take power, and I do not believe this.
The full article is available here.